Whistle Blowers Protection ACT, 2010, 2010

Short title: 

Whistle Blowers Protection ACT, 2010

Date of promulgation: 

22 April 2010

Date of commencement: 

11 May 2010

Download Original File: 

ACTS

SUPPLEMENT No. 4                                                                                  11th May, 2010.

ACTS SUPPLEMENT

to The Uganda Gazette No. 27 Volume CIII dated Uth May 2010.

Printed by UPPC, Entebbe, by Order of the Government.

 
 

Act 6                         Whistleblowers Protection Act                       2010

THE WHISTLEBLOWERS PROTECTION ACT, 2010.

 
 

ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS.

Section.

Part I—Preliminary.

  1. Interpretation.

Part II—Protected Disclosures.

  1. Disclosure of impropriety.
  2. Persons qualified to make disclosures.
  3. Person to whom or institutions to which disclosure of impropriety may be made.
  4. Compulsory receipt of disclosures.

Part III—Procedures for Disclosure.

  1. Procedure for making a disclosure.
  2. Reduction of disclosure into writing.

Part IV—Action by Person who Receives Disclosure of Impropriety.

  1. Investigation.

Part V—Protection of Whistleblowers.

  1. Protection from victimisation.
  2. Protection against court action.
  3. state protection.
  4. Application to court for assistance.
  5. Void employment contracts.
 
 

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Section.

 
 

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  1.  17.
 
 

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Part VI—Offences And Penalties.

Disclosing the identity of a whistleblower. Disclosing the details of a disclosure. Victimisation of a whistleblower.

Making false disclosures.

Part VII—Miscellaneous.

Unlawfully failing to take action.

Rewards.

Regulations.

SCHEDULE SCHEDULE—Currency Point

 
 

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THE WHISTLEBLOWERS PROTECTION ACT, 2010.

An Act to provide for the procedures by which individuals in both the private and public sector may in the public interest disclose information that relates to irregular, illegal or corrupt practices; to provide for the protection against victimisation of persons who make disclosures; and to provide for related matters.

Date of Assent: 22nd April, 2010.

Date of Commencement: 11th May, 2010.

Be it enacted by Parliament as follows:

Part I—Preliminary.

  1. Interpretation.

In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires—

“authorised officer” means the Speaker of Parliament or Deputy Speaker of Parliament, the Executive Director of National Environment Management Authority in case of environment issues, Resident District Commissioner, a Senior Ethics Officer with the Directorate of Ethics and Integrity, a human rights commissioner with Uganda Human Rights Commission, the Director of Public Prosecutions, an inspectorate officer of the Inspectorate of Government, a police officer not below the rank of Assistant Inspector of Police;

 
 

“currency point” means the value specified in relation to a currency point in the Schedule;

 
 

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“disclosure” means any declaration of information made by a whistleblower with regard to the conduct of one or more persons where the whistleblower has reason to believe that the information given shows or tends to show one or more of the following—

  1. that a criminal offence or other unlawful act has been

committed, is being committed or is likely to be committed;

  1. that a miscarriage of justice has occurred, is occurring

or is likely to occur;

  1. that a person has failed, is failing or is likely to fail to comply

with any legal obligation to which that person is subject;

  1. that any matter referred to in paragraphs (a) to (c) has

been, is being or is likely to be deliberately concealed;

“employee” means a person who has entered into a contract of service or contract for services or an apprenticeship contract, and includes a person who is employed by or for the Government of Uganda, including the Public Service, a local authority or a parastatal organisation and member of the Uganda Peoples’ Defence Forces;

“employer” means a person or group of persons, including a company or corporation, a public, regional or local authority, a governing body of an unincorporated association, a partnership, a parastatal organisation or other institution or organisation, whatsoever, for whom an employee works or has worked, or normally worked or sought to work, under a contract of service or contract for services; and includes the heirs, successors, assignees and transferors of a person or group of persons for whom an employee works, has worked, or normally works;

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“good faith” means the honest intent to act without taking an unfair advantage over another person and includes honesty, fairness, lawfulness of purpose and absence of any intent to defraud;

“harass” means a systematic, persistent or continual unwanted and annoying pestering that may include threats or demands;

“impropriety” means conduct which falls within any of the categories of the definition of disclosure referred to in paragraphs (a) to (d) irrespective of whether or not—

  1. the impropriety occurs or occurred in the Republic of

Uganda or outside the Republic of Uganda; or

  1. the law applying to the impropriety is that of the Republic

of Uganda or outside the Republic of Uganda;

“Minister” means the Minister responsible for ethics and integrity;

“occupational detriment” means a reasonable belief or fear on the part of the whistleblower that he or she may be subjected to dismissal, suspension, harassment, discrimination or intimidation;

“parastatal” means a body owned wholly or controlled by government or an agency of Government;

“protected disclosure” means a disclosure made to—

  1. an authorised officer;
  2. an employer;
  3. a nominated disclosure officer;

“regulations” mean the regulations made under this Act; “victimisation” means and includes—

  1. dismissal;
 
 
  1. suspension;
 
 

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  1. denial of promotion;
  2. demotion;
  3. redundancy;
  4. harassment;
  5. negative discrimination measures;
  6. intimidation; and
  7. threat of any of the above;

“whistleblower” means a person, who makes a disclosure of impropriety under this Act.

Part II—Protected Disclosures

  1. Disclosure of impropriety.
  1. A person may make a disclosure of information where that person reasonably believes that the information tends to show—
  1. that a corrupt, criminal or other unlawful act has been

committed, is being committed or is likely to be committed;

  1. that a public officer or employee has failed, refused or

neglected to comply with any legal obligation to which that officer or employee is subject;

  1. that a miscarriage of justice has occurred, is occurring or is

likely to occur;

  1. that any matter referred to in paragraphs (a) to (c) has been,

is being or is likely to be deliberately concealed.

  1. subject to any other law to the contrary, any disclosure of an impropriety made by a whistleblower is protected where he or she—
  1. makes the disclosure in good faith;
  2. reasonably believes that the disclosure and any allegation of

impropriety contained in it are substantially true;

  1. makes the disclosure to an authorised officer;
 
 

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  1. maintains the confidentiality of his or her identity as whistleblower and takes reasonable steps to avoid its discovery; and
  2. maintains the confidentiality of the information contained in

the disclosure.

(3) The protection afforded to a whistleblower under this Act shall not cease when his or her identity as whistleblower has been revealed, where the whistleblower was not responsible for the revelation.

  1. Persons qualified to make disclosures.
  1. Disclosures of impropriety may be made—
  1. by an employee in the public or private sector in respect of

their employer;

  1. by an employee in respect of another employee;
  2. by a person in respect of another person; or
  3. by a person in respect of a private or public institution.
  1. Nothing in this Act shall be construed as prohibiting the making of anonymous disclosures.
  2. A person who makes an anonymous disclosure shall not be entitled to the protection conferred under this Act.
  1. Persons to whom or institutions to which disclosure maybe made.
  1. Disclosures of impropriety may be made internally to an employer of the whistleblower in cases where the whistleblower’s complaint pertains to his or her place of employment.
  2. External disclosures maybe made in the following instances—

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  1. where the complaint does not pertain to the whistleblower’s

employment;

  1. where the whistleblower reasonably believes that he or she

will be subjected to occupational detriment if he or she makes a disclosure to his or her employer;

  1. where the whistleblower reasonably believes or fears that

evidence relating to the impropriety will be concealed or destroyed if he or she makes the disclosure to his or her employer; or

  1. where the complaint has already been made and no action

has been taken or the whistleblower reasonably believes or fears that the employer will take no action.

  1. External disclosures of impropriety may be made to any of the following institutions—
  1. the Inspectorate of Government;
  2. the Directorate of Public Prosecutions;
  3. the Uganda Human Rights Commission;
  4. the Directorate for Ethics and Integrity;
  5. the office of the Resident District Commissioner;
  6. Parliament of Uganda;
  7. the National Environment Management Authority; and
  8. the Uganda Police Force.
  1. Compulsory receipt of disclosures.
  1. An authorised officer shall receive all disclosures made by a whistleblower.
  2. When a disclosure of impropriety is made to a person specified in section 4, the person shall—
  1. make a record of the time and place where the disclosure is made;
 
 

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  1. give to the whistleblower an acknowledgment in writing of

receipt of the disclosure; and

  1. keep the writing in which the disclosure is made confidential,

and in safe custody pending investigation of the

impropriety.

  1. Notwithstanding subsection (1), receipt of a disclosure by an authorised officer shall not preclude the exercise of his or her discretion in determining whether or not the disclosure reveals actionable impropriety.
  2. Where the authorised officer receiving the disclosure is satisfied, after a preliminary investigation—
  1. that the matter contained in the disclosure is trivial, frivolous,

vexatious or not made in good faith; or

  1. that further investigation would be unnecessary or improper, he or she may stay the investigation.
  1. The whistleblower shall have a right to receive a written communication from the authorised officer stating the reasons for the refusal to continue with the investigation.
  2. Subsections (4) and (5) above shall not prejudice the right of the whistleblower to present the dismissed complaint to the Minister.
  3. The Minister may upon receipt of a dismissed compliant presented by the whistleblower, cause fresh investigations into the complaint or reject the complaint upon being satisfied that the complaint has no merit to warrant an investigation to be carried out and shall inform the whistleblower of the action taken and the outcome of such action.

Part III—Procedures For Disclosure

  1. Procedure for making a disclosure.
  1. A disclosure of impropriety may be made orally or in writing.
 
 

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  1. All forms of information communication technology may be used to convey a disclosure.
  2. The disclosure shall contain as far as practicable—
  1. the full name, address and occupation of the whistleblower;
  2. the nature of the impropriety in respect of which the disclosure is made;
  3. the name and particulars of the person alleged to have

committed, who is committing or is about to commit the impropriety;

  1. the time and place where the alleged impropriety is taking

place, took place or is likely to take place;

  1. the full name, address and description of a person who

witnessed the commission of the impropriety;

  1. whether the whistleblower has made a disclosure of the same

or of some other impropriety on a previous occasion and if so, about whom and to whom the disclosure was made; and

  1. if that person is making an employment related disclosure,

whether the whistleblower remains in the same employment.

  1. Reduction of disclosure into writing.
  1. Where a whistleblower makes a disclosure orally, the person to whom the disclosure is made shall cause the disclosure to be reduced into writing containing the same particulars as are specified in section 6(3).
  2. The writing required to be made under subsection (1) shall be read over, interpreted and explained to the whistleblower in a language the whistleblower understands and the whistleblower shall certify that the information contained in the statement is true and correct before making a mark to it.

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Part IV—Action by Person Who Receives Disclosure of Impropriety

  1. Investigation.
  1. Where a disclosure of impropriety is made to a person specified under section 4, the authorised person shall investigate or cause an investigation into the matter and take appropriate action.
  2. Any investigation undertaken in respect of the disclosure of impropriety shall be carried out expeditiously.
  3. Where the authorised person to whom the disclosure is made determines that he or she does not have the capability to undertake the investigation, he or she shall, within seven working days, refer the disclosure to a competent authority, provided for in section 4(3) or the Minister.

Part V—Protection of Whistleblowers

  1. Protection from victimisation
  1. A person shall not be subjected to any victimisation by his or her employer or by any other person on account, or partly on account, of having made a protected disclosure.
  2. A whistleblower shall be considered victimised on account of making a protected disclosure where—
  1. the whistleblower being an employee is—
  1. dismissed;
  1. suspended;
  2. denied promotion;
  3. demoted;
  4. made redundant;
  5. harrassed;
  6. intimidated;
  7. threatened with any of the matters set out in (i) to (vii);
  8. subjected to a discriminatory or other adverse measure by the employer or a fellow employee; or
 
 

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  1. not being an employee, the whistleblower is subjected to discrimination or intimidation by a person or an establishment affected by the disclosure.
  1. A whistleblower who honestly and reasonably believes that he or she has been victimised as a result of his or her disclosure may make a complaint to either the Inspectorate of Government or the Uganda Human Rights Commission for redress.
  2. Notwithstanding subsection (3) a whistleblower may seek redress for victimisation by bringing a civil action in a court of law.
  3. A complaint made under subsection (3) shall contain the following particulars—
  1. the name, description and address of the whistleblower;
  2. the name, description and address of the whistleblower’s

employer or any other person who the whistleblower claims has victimised him or her; and

  1. the specific acts complained of as constituting victimisation.
  1. A whistleblower shall not be considered victimised if the person against whom the complaint of victimisation is directed—
  1. has the right in law to take the action complained of; and
  2. the action is demonstrably unrelated to the disclosure made.
  1. Protection against court action

A whistleblower shall not be liable to civil or criminal proceedings in respect of a disclosure that contravenes any duty of confidentiality or official secrecy law where the whistleblower acts in good faith.

  1. State protection.
  1. A whistleblower who makes a disclosure and who has reasonable cause to believe that—
  1. his or her life or property; or
  2. the life or property of a member of the whistleblower’s

family is endangered or likely to be endangered as a result of the disclosure,

 
 

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may request state protection and the state shall provide the protection considered adequate.

  1. “Family” for the purposes of this section means spouse, father, mother, child, grandchild, brother and sister.
  1. Application to court for assistance.

Where in the course of an investigation under section 8, the investigator has reasonable grounds to believe—

  1. that evidence or documents relevant to the investigation are

likely to be destroyed, concealed, tampered with; or

  1. that a person willing to provide information relevant to the

investigation is being restrained by pressure of obligation to a confidentiality agreement with the persons or official secrets law to which the disclosure relates,

the investigator may apply to the court for an order to preserve the evidence or documents or to release the person willing to provide the information from the perceived restraint.

  1. Void employment contracts.
  1. A provision in a contract of employment or other agreement between an employer and an employee is void if it—
  1. seeks to prevent the employee from making a disclosure;
  2. has the effect of discouraging an employee from making a

disclosure;

  1. precludes the employee from making a complaint in respect

of victimisation;

  1. prevents an employee from bringing an action in court or

before an institution to claim relief or remedy in respect of victimisation; or

  1. if it has the effect of creating fear or discouraging the

employee from making a disclosure.

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  1. Subsection (1) shall apply to a contract of employment or agreement in existence on the commencement of this Act.

Part VI—Offences And Penalties

  1. Disclosing the identity of a whistleblower.

A person who unlawfully discloses, directly or indirectly, the identity of a whistleblower, commits an offence and is liable on conviction to imprisonment not exceeding five years or a fine not exceeding one hundred and twenty currency points or both.

  1. Disclosing the details of the disclosure.

Where a person to whom the disclosure is made fails to keep confidential the disclosure, the person commits an offence and is liable on conviction to imprisonment not exceeding five years or a fine not exceeding one hundred and twenty currency points or both.

  1. Victimisation of a whistleblower.

A person who either by himself or herself or through another person victimises a whistleblower for making a disclosure commits an offence and is liable on conviction to imprisonment not exceeding five years or a fine not exceeding one hundred and twenty currency points or both.

  1. Making false disclosures.

A person who knowingly makes a disclosure containing information he or she knows to be false and intending that information to be acted upon as a disclosed matter, commits an offence and is liable on conviction to imprisonment not exceeding five years or a fine not exceeding one hundred and twenty currency points or both.

  1. Unlawfully failing to take action.

An authorised officer, who does not take action upon receipt of a disclosure made to him or her, commits an offence and is liable on conviction to imprisonment not exceeding five years or a fine not exceeding one hundred and twenty currency points or both.

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Part VII—Miscellaneous

  1. Rewards
  1. A whistleblower shall be rewarded for his or her disclosure five percent of the net liquidated sum of money recovered consequent upon the recovery of the money, based on that disclosure.
  2. A whistleblower shall be paid within six months after the recovery of the money.
  1. Regulations
  1. The Minister may, by statutory instrument, make regulations for the purposes of carrying out or giving full effect to this Act.
  2. Without        prejudice to the general effect of subsection (1), regulations maybe made under that subsection for all or any of the following matters—
  1. further disclosure procedures;
  2. other persons or institutions to whom disclosures may be

made;

  1. prescribing penalties in respect of the contravention of the

regulations not exceeding a fine of one hundred twenty currency points or imprisonment not exceeding five years or both; and

  1. an additional penalty not exceeding five currency points in

respect of each day on which the contravention continues.

 
 

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SCHEDULE

section 1

CURRENCY POINT One currency point is equivalent to twenty thousand shillings.

 

 

 

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