THE REPUBLIC OF UGANDA
IN THE SUPREME COURT OF UGANDA
MISCELLANEOUS CIVIL APPLICATION NO. 11 OF
THE INSPECTOR GENERAL OF GOVERNMENT :::::::::::: APPLICANT
RULING OF KAROKOA JSC.
This is an application by Notice of Motion filed under Rules 4, 5(2) and 71
of the Rules of this court. It is seeking extension of
time within which to file
its Notice of Appeal against the ruling of the Justices of Appeal in Civil
Appeal No.35 of 2002 in which
it was ordered that the application for leave for
orders of certiorari be remitted to the High Court for hearing denovo by
another Judge and that the proceeding in the High Court be stayed. The
application is supported by affidavit sworn by Ms Elizabeth
Musoke, the Director
of Legal Affairs at the Inspectorate of Government.
The grounds for the application which appear in the affidavit sworn in support of the application are:
(1) That the applicant, who was the respondent in the above matter, which proceeded exparte was not served with a copy of the Notice of Delivery of judgment. (2) That the applicant only learnt about the ruling/order in the said Civil Appeal when the respondent was presenting the application for leave to apply for orders of certiorari and prohibition on 8th July, 2003 consequent upon the order of the Court of Appeal. (3) That because the applicant was not aware of the said ruling of the Court of Appeal, the applicant could not file a Notice of Appeal within the prescribed time. (4) That the ruling of the Court of Appeal raises very important points of law which this court should pronounce itself on it. That is that the Court of Appeal was not vested with jurisdiction to handle a matter on appeal relating to prerogative order of certiorari and prohibition, and that because it handled the matter without jurisdiction in contravention of section 38(3) we seek the ruling of" this court on the matter.
It was deponed that the applicant's intended appeal has likelihood of success and therefore prayed that they be given a chance to give notice of appeal out of time.
Mr. Mulira, counsel for respondent, opposed the application on the ground that the applicant had no locus in the matter. He submitted that the judgment in the Court of Appeal arose out of the High Court Miscellaneous Application No. 13 of 2001 which had been brought under Section 3(2) of the Law Reform/Miscellaneous Provisions Act No 74 of 1996 which provides that applications for certiorari, mandamus and prohibition cannot be made without leave of the court. He submitted that sub-section 2 of section 3 of the Act provides as follows:
"An application for such leaves as aforesaid shall be made exparte to a
judge in chambers, and shall be accompanied by a statement
setting out the name
and description of the applicant, the relief sought and the ground on which it
is sought and by affidavits verifying
the facts relied on. The judge may, in
granting leave impose such terms as to costs as to giving security as he thanks
Counsel submitted that in view of the above provisions of the Act, the applicant has no right to bring this application since the leave sought for certiorari has not yet been granted.
Secondly, counsel submitted that section 38(3) of the Judicature Statute deals with prerogative orders of mandamus, prohibition and certiorari. He contended that at this stage there was no order made for any of the prerogative orders. Therefore, subsection 3 of section 38 of Judicature Statute was not applicable. He further contended that even if assuming subsection 3 of section 38 of the Judicature Statute applied, it does not say that there is no right of appeal. All that it says is that an order in respect of any of the prerogative orders made by the High Court shall be final subject to any right of appeal. He concluded that there was no law quoted which stated that there is no right of appeal.
Thirdly, he submitted that section 3 of the Law Reform (Miscellaneous
Provisions) Act, 74 makes it clear that there is distinction
for leave to apply for order of prohibition, certiorari and mandamus from the
substantive order of mandamus certiorari
and prohibition, because there can be
no application for these prerogative orders unless leave thereof has been
granted in accordance
with this rule. He contended that at this stage we are not
talking about these prerogative orders. We are dealing with leave for
Fourthly, counsel submitted that this application was misconceived, because the issues raised could be raised in the High Court when the substantive application for the order of certiorari is being heard. The applicant will have right of audience.
On the complaint that the applicant was not served with a notice of delivery
of judgment, counsel submitted that there was no requirement
in law to give him
notice of delivery of judgment, since the applicant had not taken part in the
High Court proceeding from which
these proceedings originated, they (applicant)
had no locus to appear before the Court of Appeal in the same matter which had
After the Court of Appeal had heard arguments from counsel for respondent it directed that the matter be referred back to the High Court to hear the application for orders of certiorari. The matter was placed before Opio Aweri J. who proceeded exparte and granted application on 11/7/2003, which is due to be heard interparte. Counsel submitted that in the interest of justice, the application for order of certiorari in the High Court should proceed uninterrupted as it touches on matter of national interest of whether an opinion of the Attorney General on legal matters can be countermanded by the Inspector General of Government.
Mr. Karekyezi, in reply started with the last point/issued of whether the
Attorney General's legal advice on legal matters can be
countermanded by the
IGG, and submitted that this issue can be handled in other manner but not
necessarily in the certiorari application.
He submitted that if the application
for certiorari is stayed, the matter would be handled by the High Court in a
suit which was
recommended by the report and the issue of national interest
would be resolved. Counsel submitted that although the IGG had no locus
appear before the High Court, their attendance having been dispensed with, it
was their contention that they should have a right
to appeal as parties who are
directly affected by the decision of the High Court and the Court of Appeal. On
the orders given by
the Court of Appeal remitting the matter to High Court,
counsel submitted that those orders were given by the Court of Appeal without
jurisdiction and that's why they are seeking that proceedings for certiorari be
stayed. He cited section 38(3) of the Judicature
Statute, 1996, for proposition
that there is no right of Appeal against prerogative orders. He cited the case
of Attorney General V State (1971) EA 50 in support of the
On the question of whether the applicants were entitled to service of Notice of delivery of judgment in Civil appeal No 35 of 2003, I think that since the
proceeding were commenced exparte in the High Court under section 3(2) of the
Law Reform (Miscellaneous provisions) Act, 1974, seeking
leave for an order of
certiorari, which leave has not yet been granted, and since even the proceedings
before the Court of Appeal
proceeded exparte under Rule 77(1) of the Court of
Appeal Rules, the applicant was not entitled to get notice of the delivery of
judgment. In my view, as long as no order of certiorari had been granted, the
proceedings remained exparte. Therefore the judgment
springing from such exparte
proceeding would not affect applicant's interest/rights. In the result,
subsection 3 of section 38 of
the Judicature Statute is irrelevant to the
proceedings at this stage.
Therefore, the decision in the case of Attorney General V Shah (1971) EA 50 would not be relevant at this stage of the proceedings before leave for the prerogative order of certiorari was granted, because that case is an authority for the proposition that no right of appeal exists against any of the prerogative orders. In the result, the case of Attorney General V State (supra) is distinguishable, because there, the Attorney General was seeking to appeal against the prerogative order, unlike in the instant case, where the respondent had appealed against refusal by the High Court to allow exparte application for leave to apply for certiorari. In the circumstances, ground two must fail.
In my view, since the original application for leave to apply for certiorari had proceeded exparte and the Court of Appeal had dispensed with applicant's attendance at the hearing of the appeal in accordance with Rule 77(1) of the Court of Appeal Rules, the applicant was not entitled to be served with notice of delivery of judgment.
In the interest of justice, since leave to apply for order of certiorari has
been granted by the High Court, let the applicant be
served with hearing notice
so that all legal issues are argued and determined. In the meantime, 1 see no
merit in this application
which is dismissed with costs.
Dated at Mengo, this 21st day of August 2003.
JUSTICE OF THE SUPREME COURT