Court name
High Court of Uganda
Case number
Miscellaneous Application 54 of 2008
Judgment date
2 September 2008

Tolit James v Rep of Uganda (Miscellaneous Application 54 of 2008) [2008] UGHC 97 (02 September 2008);

Cite this case
[2008] UGHC 97



HCT – 02 – CO – MA – 054 – 2008

(Arising from Criminal Case number 767/2008)

TOLIT JAMES :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::APPLICANT


UGANDA ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::



The applicant, who at the time of his arrest and being charged, was assistant Town Clerk of Layibi Division Gulu Municipal Council,
is charged in Gulu Chief Magistrate’s Court, Criminal case number 0767 of 2008 of causing Financial loss c/s 269 and 270, abuse
of office c/s 87(1) and Fraudulent False Accounting c/s 325 (a) of the Penal Code Act.

He applies for bail through this
application. This court is satisfied that applicant has permanent residence, there are substantial sureties to stand for him and
there is no credible evidence that once released on bail, he will interfere with the investigations of the case. There are also no
other criminal charges pending against the applicant.

However the applicant is charged
with very grave offences in respect of which the law stipulates that in order to be released on bail, the applicant must prove to
the satisfaction of court an exceptional circumstance: See section 15(3) of the Trial on Indictments Act: See also Florence Byabazaire vs Uganda High Court Miscellaneous Application Number 284 of 2006.

The applicant has not proved any
exceptional circumstance in this application.

This court, of course, has in the
exercise of its overall jurisdiction, powers to grant bail, even in absence of an exceptional circumstance being proved. Court does
so through the judicial exercise of its discretion.

The test this court has set is

“ The burden is upon the applicant to satisfy court by putting forth before court a set of facts, beyond the ordinary considerations
for bail, upon which the court can act, in the exercise of its discretion, to admit the applicant to bail”

See: High Court of Uganda at Gulu Miscellaneous Application Number 0037 of 2008: Bongomin Richard Akal vs Uganda, unreported.

The applicant has asserted that
he had a child of tender years – 4 years- whose mother has separated from the applicant had is believed to be living in Sudan.
The child now stays with the maid alone at home and needs the applicant’s presence.

The name of the mother of this
child is not stated. It is also not disclosed as to when the separation happened.

There is no independent evidence
to support the applicant’s version.

Applicant also states that he has
other dependants whose outstanding fees is outstanding and have been sent back home. There are no names or ages stated of these dependants.

On the basis of the evidence put
forward, court is not satisfied that this is a case where it should exercise its discretion to grant bail to the applicant.

This application is dismissed.


Remmy Kasule


nd September 2008