Court name
High Court of Uganda
Judgment date
4 August 2008

Mark Avola & Ors v World Vision (Miscellaneous Application-2008/72) [2008] UGHC 92 (04 August 2008);

Cite this case
[2008] UGHC 92

THE REPUBLIC OF UGANDA

IN THE HIGH COURT OF UGANDA AT GULU

HCT – 02 – CV – MA – 072
OF 2008



1.      

MARK AVOLA      
        
)

2.      
AMOS OMOYA      
        
)

3.      
SAM KILARA      
        
) :::::
:::::::::::::::::::::APPLICANTS

4.      
MONICA AKOT     
        
)

5.      
FESTUS ODUNY    
)

6.      
SAM ISAAC OLINGA)

7.      
DAVID OCAN      
        
)

8.      
KENNETH LUKWIYA)



VERSUS


WORLD VISION

INTERNATIONAL – UGANDA :::::::::::::::::::::::RESPONDENT



BEFORE: HON. JUSTICE REMMY KASULE



RULING




        
        
The applicants seek leave to file
in this Court an application for Judicial Review for reliefs by way of prerogative orders of certiorari, prohibition and injunction
as well as an award of damages.

        
        
The application is brought by way
of Notice of Motion under Articles 28 and 44 of the Constitution, Section 36 of the Judicature Act and Rules 2, 3, 4 and 5 of the
Civil Procedure (Amendment) (Judicial Review) Rules, 2003. It is supported by statements on oath/affidavits of the applicants; except
the sixth applicant, Sam Isaac Olinga, whose statement on oath/affidavit was not commissioned before a Commissioner for oaths and
is therefore inadmissible as affidavit evidence.

        
        
All the applicants claim to be
employees of the respondent, World Vision International- Uganda.

        
        
Their main grievance is that on
16.07.2008, the respondent suspended each of the applicants from employment without first being given an opportunity to be heard
thus acting contrary to the fundamental Rule of natural Justice: Audi Alteram Partem: the right of a party to a cause not to be condemned
unheard. A decision arrived at in breach of this Rule is void absolutely and of no consequence at all: MATOVU & 2 OTHERS VS SSEVIRI & ANOTHER: (1979) HCB 174

        
        
The essence of complaint of each
of the applicants is that each one was called by respondent to Acholi Inn Gulu on 16.07.2008. Allegations of impropriety in performing
work for the respondent were read to each applicant by a panel of six (6) persons of the respondent. Each applicant was there and
then suspended from work and prevented from accessing the place of work. Each was required to respond to the allegations within 24
hours as from the 16.07.2008 and each was to ordered to appear for a hearing on 18.07.2008 at Acholi Inn.

        
        
The applicants contend that they
could not effectively respond to the allegations without accessing the relevant records at their respective places of work. Further,
on 18.07.2008 when they reported for a hearing no one for respondent was there to hear their cases. Each applicant thus contends
of being condemned unheard by being suspended from work.

        
        
This court, at this stage, is not
to consider the merits or demerits of the substantive application sought to be filed by the applicants. The court’s duty at
this stage of seeking leave, is to determine whether the applicants, each one them, has availed facts that, prima facie, entitles
that applicant to be granted leave: See Uganda Court of Appeal Civil Appeal Number 35 of 2002: KIKONDA BUTEMA FARMS Ltd vs THE INSPECTOR GENERAL OF GOVERNMENT;

        
        
It is also the duty of this court,
at this stage, to determine whether the complaint of the applicants is serious enough to deserve investigation by court through Judicial
Review process: See High Court at Kampala Miscellaneous Cause No. 93 of 2006: In the matter of Makerere Students Guild Presidential Elections of 2003.06: MULA ANTHONY VS VICE CHANCELLOR, MAKERERE UNIVERSITY & 2 OTHERS,

see also :

KENYA COURT OF APPEAL CIVIL APPEAL NO. 84 of 2000: MAJOR M.L. MUSYONA & 4 OTHERS VS. THE CHIEF OF GENERAL STAFF ARMED FORCES OF KENYA & 2 OTHERS , Unreported.

        
        
This court is satisfied on the
statement of facts filed in court, the inferences drawn therefrom and submissions of Counsel that each of the applicants has made
out a prima facie case to be granted leave. This includes the 6th applicant, since from the statements on oath/affidavits of the other applicants, Court infers that their facts also apply to him.

        
        
Court is also satisfied that the
allegations made by the applicants against the respondent are serious enough to deserve scrutiny of this court by way of Judicial
Review.

        
        
Accordingly leave is granted to
the applicants to file a substantive application by way of Judicial Review within the period prescribed by law.

        
        
By way of interim order, it is
hereby ordered that the suspension of each of the applicants from employment with the respondent be and is hereby stopped. It is
further ordered that the respondent allows each of the applicants to access records from the place of work so as to be able to prepare
and /or answer back in the substantive application against the assertions of the respondent against that particular applicant.





        
        
The interim orders herein made
shall be operative until the determination of the substantive application or until this court orders otherwise. If the substantive
application is not filed within the period prescribed by law then the interim orders shall cease to operate.

        
        
As to who is entitled to the costs
of this application will be determined in the substantive application.







..............................

Remmy Kasule

Judge

4
th August 2008