Court name
HC: Land Division (Uganda)
Judgment date
26 February 2018

Mutabaruka v Kaddu & Ors (Miscellaneous Application-2017/) [2018] UGHCLD 20 (26 February 2018);

Cite this case
[2018] UGHCLD 20
Coram
Kawesa, J

THE REPUBLIC OF UGANDA

IN THE HIGH COURT OF UGANDA AT KAMPALA

(LAND DIVISION)

 

MISC. APPLICATION NO. 1443 OF 2017

MUTABARUKA INNOCENT:     :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: APPLICANT

                          V E R S U S

  1. KADDU JOHN
  2. DUMYA MERCHIAD
  3. OMULONGO WASWA MUTEBI
  4. MWANI JELOM               :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: RESPONDENTS
  5. KEBIRUNGI DAVITA
  6. KAGOYA MARIAM

 

BEFORE HIS LORDSHIP HENRY I. KAWESA

 

RULING

 

The Applicant prays for orders that the Respondents be restrained from trespassing, alienating or selling the suit land pending the hearing and determination of the main suit.  The application is supported by the affidavit of Mutabaruka Innocent.  The Respondents did not file an affidavit in reply.

 

The Applicant in submissions has stated that the application be granted.  The Respondents in their submissions pray that the application should not be granted.

I do hold as follows:

 

  1. Whether there is a status quo to protect:

In Kiyimba Kagwa versus Abdu Nasser Katende (1987) HCB; it was held that;

Preserving the status quo means preserving the subject matter pending the determination of the controversy.

In Sekitoleko versus Mutabazi & Ors (2001-2005) HCB 79, it was stated that;

The status quo does not refer to who owns the suit property, but refer to the actual state of affairs that pertain on the suit premises prior to filing of the main suit.

From the above position and arising from the evidence as deduced from the affidavit of Mutabaruka Innocent, under (paragraphs 2,3,4,5,6,7 and 8) thereof,  there is a status quo to protect.  The status quo is that the Applicant claims that he own 4 (four) acres of land at Kirinya on which the Respondents have trespassed.  Therefore the Applicant’s possession needs protection.

 

2.         Prima facie case

It is a condition that before the Applicant is granted an injunctive relief, he must prove that there is a prima facie case with a probability of success.  To prove this, Court must be satisfied that the suit is not frivolous or vexatious, and that there is a serious question to be tried. 

This principle is laid out in various authorities like American Cynamid versus Ethicon Limited [1975] ALL ER 504 and Kiyimba Kagwa versus Abdu Nasser Katende (1987) HCB 43.

In this case, the affidavit of Mutabaruka Innocent contains evidence showing that the Respondents have illegally sold off parts of the suit land (paragraphs 4, and 5); and have also trespassed thereon.  (Paragraphs 6,7,8,9 and 10) of the said affidavit.

At this stage, this Court does not need to divulge into the merits of the main suit.  However, the evidence shows that there are triable issues.

A prima facie case is accordingly proved.

 

3.         Irreparable damages:

The Applicant has to prove that he will suffer injury with no possibility of repair by compensation in damages.  He, (Applicant), has shown that the land in issue is prime and he has emotional attachments to it (see paragraphs 10 and 11).

 

There is proof that the Respondents are plotting the land and selling to other people who in turn have trespassed and put thereon illegal structures.

 

All this in view of the value of the land in question, and type of structures, the Respondents have thereon, makes it unlikely that the Respondents can compensate the Applicant by way of damages.  This condition is also satisfied.

 

Having found as above, I do not need to consider the balance of convenience.   I do find that the Applicant has proved the application.

It is granted with costs in the cause. 

 

I so order.

 

……………………..

Henry I. Kawesa

JUDGE

26/2/2018

 

26/02/2018:

Mr. Lubega Budhala for Applicant present.

Applicant absent.

Respondents;

2nd Respondent present[i]

6th Respondents present.

5th Respondent present.

 

Court:  Ruling given to the parties above.

 

……………………..

Henry I. Kawesa

JUDGE

26/2/2018