Court name
HC: Criminal Division (Uganda)
Judgment date
11 September 2014

Majanga v Uganda (HCT-04-CR-CN-2009/31) [2014] UGHCCRD 77 (11 September 2014);

Cite this case
[2014] UGHCCRD 77





HCT-04-CR-CN 0031 OF 2009

JOSEPH MAJANGA :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::APPELLANT





Appellant in this matter raised 5 grounds of appeal as follows;

  1. Learned trial Magistrate failed to review and consider evidence on record
  2. Learned Trial Magistrate erred to convict the appellant of the offence of obtaining goods by false pretense when not charged by that offence.
  3. Not notifying accused before defence that he was liable for said offence.
  4. Convicting  appellant on an offence which is not minor and cognate
  5. Holding that the offence of obtaining goods by false pretence against the appellant had been proved beyond reasonable doubt.


The duty of a first appellate court is to review evidence and reach its own conclusions.


According to the record, accused denied the charge of issuing a false cheque contrary to section 385(1) (b) of the Penal Code Act.


The prosecution called three witnesses who testified as below;


PW1: He supplied accused with goods and accused gave him two post dated cheques which were tendered in evidence. When cheques were presented in the Bank they bounced and when accused was approached he disappeared.

PW2: that the accused got goods from PW1 but never paid for them.

PW3: that PW1 gave accused goods against which he (accused) gave two cheques as security for payment. The cheques bounced.

PW4: the cheques bounced and witness confirmed so.


In defence accused stated that he was not a signatory to the account where the bounced cheques were issued. Counsel tendered a company resolution showing that the accused never stopped payment of the cheques.


DW2: stated that he was a signatory of the account and it’s him who wrote to the Bank not to honor the cheques


In his judgment, the Magistrate found accused guilty of obtaining goods by false pretences having found that the charge of issuing a bouncing cheque cannot stand.


The appellant now complains that the conviction was wrong since the offence is not minor and cognate, not charged with it, occasioning a miscarriage of justice.


Counsel Majanga has argued at length why he faults this finding.


I agree for the following reasons;

  1.  The offence of obtaining goods by false pretence is not minor and cognate to the offence of issuing a false cheque as envisaged under Section 145 (see case of ROBERT NDECHO & ANOR VS. R [1951] 18 EACA 171)


The test is whether the accused had a fair opportunity of making his defence in the alternative charge. (See GODFREY SSEKAMWA alias LUBEGA VS. UGANDA (1979) HCB 119).


Going by that finding and the case of STEPHEN KISUWA AND ANOR VS. UGANDA (supra), the trial Magistrate acted in error to convict accused of an offence he had not been charged with, so that he was not given a fair opportunity to defend himself.


I therefore for the above reasons agree with appellant’s counsel that there was no basis for convicting accused on this charge and all orders based on it were null and void. I do allow this ground of appeal as proved.


The above ground also renders the other grounds as proved since all relate and are formulated around it


I will now turn to the whole assessment of the evidence on record by the Trial Magistrate. It’s my finding  that the evidence on record if properly evaluated by the Trial Magistrate, he could have reached another conclusion thereon, and hence he erred when he convicted appellant on a nonexistent charge after wrongly evaluating the evidence before him. For this reason, I will uphold the appeal; I will set aside the entire Judgment and orders of the lower court. I order that the Judgment, conviction and sentence of the lower court be set aside. There should be a fresh trial conducted before the Chief Magistrate. I so order.


Henry I. Kawesa