THE REPUBLIC OF UGANDA
IN THE HIGH COURT OF UGANDA AT MUKONO
HCT-14-CV-MC-023 OF 2018
- SSENYONJO ROBERT SSEWAVA
- NAAVA HARRIET NAMBAZIRA:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::APPLICANTS
- NATIONAL FORESTRY AUTHORITY
- COMMISSIONER LAND REGISTRATION:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::RESPONDENTS
BEFORE: HON. LADY JUSTICE MARGARET MUTONYI, JUDGE HIGH COURT
RULING ON PRELIMINARY OBJECTION
- This Ruling is in respect of a Preliminary objection raised by Counsel Moses Muhumuza for the 1st Respondent, National Forest Authority (NFA) The Application was set for hearing on 11th March 2019.
The main Application is brought under section 33, 14 (2) C of The Judicature Act and Order 52 rules 1, 2 and 3 of the Civil Procedure Rules.
It is basically seeking for Orders that;
[b] Or in the alternative, the Applicants and Respondents conclude a joint Boundary opening exercise for land comprised in Kyaggwe Block 393 and 421.
[d] A boundary opening report be filed on the court record within 14 days thereof.
[e] That the 2nd Respondent expeditiously concludes the Freehold titling process for the Applicant’s land herein and that the Respondents meet the costs of the Application.
The application was supported by the Affidavit of Senyonjo Robert Ssewava and Naava Harriet Nambazira, the 1st and 2nd Respondents but briefly the grounds are:-
- That the Applicants are administrators of the estate of the late Kanamwangi Musa.
- That the late Kanamwagi Musa left behind land at Bwembereza and Kipayo comprised in block Kyaggwe 393 and 421 Mukono, which can be ascertained by a boundary opening exercise between the Applicants and 1st Respondent.
- That in the interest of Justice an order for opening boundaries be granted and the 2nd Respondent be directed to issue the Applicants land titles.
- It is just, fair and equitable that this Application be allowed.
- The 1st Respondent filed an Affidavit in Reply through its Registered Surveyor employed as the boundary and Survey Specialist a one Opar Benard Zachary Wonumbe dated 11th June 2018 wherein; he did not oppose the Application as such.
The 2nd Respondent, the commissioner Land Registration did not oppose the Application.
- Perusal of the record, reveals letters from the Commission of Inquiry into land matters which suggest its interest in the court process but I will not dwelve into them at this stage.
- When the matter came up for hearing on 11th March 2019, counsel for the Applicant raised the Preliminary objection, hence this Ruling.
The objection was in respect of a vesting Order issued by the Deputy Registrar, His Worship Jess Byaruhanga which according to Counsel for the 1st Respondent is the crux of this case.
He submitted that when the matter last appeared before the Registrar of Court, (Nabakooza Flavia, then) she made a Ruling discovering some irregularities and forwarded the mother file of the Application for review precisely stating that the vesting order issued by the Deputy Registrar then at Jinja High court (His Worship Jesse Byaruhanga) was irregularly issued without the authority vested in him as Registrar.
He submitted that the same vesting order is the crux of this Application for which the applicants base on to move this court for the order to survey the suit land, seek the issuance of the Certificate and in effect bringing the land under the Registration of Titles Act.
He relied on the case of Ronald Oine Vs The Commissioner for Land Registration Land Division MC No.90/2013 where Hon. Justice Bashaija Andrew relying on the case of Aidah Najjembe Vs Esther Mpagi CA 74/2005 restated the four conditions which must be satisfied before the Registrar can exercise his or her powers of issuing a vesting order; under section 167 of the RTA;
- The land must be registered under the RTA and the Purchaser must have paid the whole of the purchase price to the vender.
- The Purchaser or those claiming under him or her have taken possession of the purchased land.
- The Purchaser has entered the land and the entry has been acquiesced in by the vendor or his or her representative.
- The transfer of the property has not been executed because the vender is dead or is residing out of jurisdiction or cannot be found.
The Judge added that the Applicant must have made the first Application to the Registrar who must cite reasons in case he declines to issue the vesting order.
Section 167 of the RTA vests the powers of issuing a vesting order to the Judge of the High Court; in case the Registrar declines to grant it not in the Registrar of the High court.
Counsel prayed that this court takes note of the irregularity of the vesting order and prayed that the order be set aside and this court having learnt of such an illegality disregards it.
- In response counsel Sekalame for the Applicants submitted that counsel for the 1st Applicant is challenging proceedings in MA 23/18 basing on the Order that was granted by this very court in MC 54/2017 where land comprised in Block 393 and 421 in Kyaggwe was vested to the Applicants.
The said Order was issued by the Registrar of the High Court Jinja.He submitted the current Application is not seeking to vest the land in contention with the Applicants but rather to know where land in Block 393 and 421 passes.
Upon ascertaining the boundary of this land, the applicants would petition the 2nd Respondent to vest the land into their names as Administrators of the late Kanamwangi Musa.
He further submitted that the Applicants seek to obtain free hold titles from the second Respondent who actually did not oppose the Application which presumes that he accepted all the averments in the Applicant’s Affidavits.
He relied on the case of Massa Vs Acheng 1978 HCB at page 297.
He agreed with the conditions for a vesting order but added that the conditions in this case are clearly distinguishable from the orders sought in the Application.
He further sought court’s indulgence to re-endorse the order that was issued by the Registrar of court or in the alternative stay MC 23/18 to enable the Applicants table the order that was issued by this court before a Judge as a competent Officer of this hounourable court for endorsement.
In rejoinder, counsel Muhumuza submitted Counsel for the Applicant concedes that the vesting Order was irregular and therefore the Applicants have no ownership conferred to them by this court.
He prayed that the Application should fail having been based on an irregularly procured ownership.
Lastly, he submitted that it is the court’s duty having learnt of an illegality to deal with it in accordance with the law and such should not be left to stand as it is of no legal force.
- The issue for my opinion is whether the Preliminary objection has merit and whether it disposes off the main Application.
- RESOLUTION OF ISSUES
I have carefully evaluated the submissions on record, looked at the authorities and the Notice of Motion before court. Whereas I agree entirely with the authority cited on vesting order, and circumstances under which it can be granted, and the fact that it was made by the Deputy Registrar His Worship Jesse Byaruhanga without jurisdiction, making it a nullity, and with no legal effect;
I do not agree with the submission of Counsel for the 1st Respondent that the vesting order is the crux of the Application.
It is not mentioned anywhere in the Notice of Motion as a ground or basis for the Application.
The vesting order is mentioned in the Affidavit in Support which is evidence and hence will be subjected to evaluation and assessment of whether it has evidential value.
Counsel for the 1st Applicant prayed that the vesting order be set aside while Counsel for the Applicants prayed that the court endorses it.
It is trite Law that jurisdiction of court can only be granted by statute and any proceedings conducted by any court without jurisdiction is a nullity. Likewise any award or judgment arising from such proceedings is a nullity. (Refer to the case of Desai Vs. Warsaw  EA 351.
It is also trite law that court cannot sanction what is illegal and an illegality once brought to the attention of court overrides all questions of pleadings made thereon. (See the case of Makula International Ltd. Vs H. E Cardinal Nsubuga and Another (1982) HCB 11).
Whatever a court purports to do without jurisdiction is a nullity abnitio. A person affected by it is entitled to have it set aside ex debito justitiae. (See Peter Mugoya Vs James Gidudu and another (1991) HCB 63.
The right to have it set aside is not a matter of judicial discretion or determination but as a matter of right.
Ideally, the Applicant should make or file a formal Application before court to have the illegal order or judgment set aside.
However, it is my humble view that since it is settled law that a judgment of court without jurisdiction is a nullity and a person affected by it is entitled to have it set aside ex-debito judititial, once, such an illegality is brought to the attention of court, court should be at liberty to set it aside.
The illegal Order dated 20th December 2017 affected the 2nd Respondent in this case, The Commissioner Land Registration. To avoid multiplicity of suits and applying section 33 of the Judicature Act, I declare the Order dated 20th December 2017 which vested land into the Applicants null and void and set it aside.
Never the less, since the Application before court is premised on the fact that the Applicants are administrators of the estate of the person who is alleged to have land neighbouring the 1st Respondent, I direct that the Application be heard on merit and a decision be made by this honourable court as to whether boundaries should be opened or not.
I so direct.
Hon. Lady Justice Margaret Mutonyi
03rd April 2019