Nakiwolo v Uganda (Appeal No. 48 of 2013) [2013] UGHCCRD 64 (18 October 2013)

Criminal law|Evaluation of Evidence
Case summary
The court considered whether the trial magistrate had properly evaluated the evidence. The court held that trial magistrate had not carefully evaluated the evidence before him otherwise he would have realized that the initial charge of “theft” in respect of the appellant was bad in law. The court was not satisfied that the evidence on record proved the offence of theft against the appellant. The court accordingly found that the appellant had been wrongly convicted and acquitted her.



APPEAL NO. 48 OF 2013

NAKIWOLO HANIFA ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: APPELLANT


UGANDA :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: RESPONDENT


I have perused the Parties written submission. A quick perusal of the Appellant’s Counsel’s submission show that the Appellant is not the one who stole the money. The name “Hassan” keeps surfacing in this matter. Hassan Ssenyondo was a co-worker. He reported matter to the Police. Ssenyondo also knew the password. Counsel Abaine argues that the Appellant did not change the password which was known to Hassan Ssenyondo, a co-worker. There were two people who knew the password to the mobile money account. This means that there was no proof beyond reasonable doubt that the Appellant and not Hassan stole the money. I note PW4 (No. 25997 D/SGT Muhwezi Derrick) the Investigating Officer who stated that he “found out that there was negligence caused by the shop attendant because the sales and other property were removed from her bag without her knowledge. The phone she was using for business was taken and also the money on the phone given to another Airtel phone holder.” In my opinion Hassan Ssenyondo had to be tried. He was quick to report the theft and also jumped Police bond. If he had no hand in it why disappear?

I note Counsel Abaine’s submissions on appeal relating to evidence that “the call by the thief to the phone of the Accused after the withdraw was not possible as the phone had already been stolen.” As rightly submitted by Learned Counsel for the Appellant, the money and the phone were not stolen by the Appellant. The items were not recovered from her nor found with her. Her explanation that the items were not stolen from her were never controverted. Ideally, therefore, her explanation stands. The possible offences against the Appellant could have been either conspiracy or negligence but then she could not conspire alone. Hassan Ssenyondo should have been tried for this charge to be plausible.

I agree that the Learned Trial Magistrate should have carefully evaluated the evidence before him. If he did, he would have realized that the initial charge of “theft” in respect of the Appellant was bad in law. It should have been set aside. [See Uganda vs. Ochom John]. Based on the evidence on record, theft was not proven beyond reasonable doubt. There is a gap in the evidence. Hassan was not prosecuted and Twikirize Silver who cashed the money was not tracked or arrested to enlighten Court about the circumstances of the theft. I therefore allow grounds 1 and 2. The Respondent submitted that the Appellant was rightly convicted by the lower Court since overwhelming evidence had been adduced in the lower Court to show that the Appellant was the one with the sole responsibility of manning the shop and was the one in possession of the stock. The learned state attorney left it to the discretion of the Court since the complainants have lost interest by virtue of compensation.

I am also cognizant of the Reconciliatory Note between the complainant Kaya Rajab for and on behalf of Mukama Atukwase Enterprises, Nakiwolo Hanifa, Counsel for the Applicant and the State Attorney, Nakawa in which an agreement was made to pay off the Four Million Uganda Shillings (4,000,000/=). I note that Parties reached an agreement pertaining to the payment of the money. Mr. Kaya Rajab received on behalf of Mukama Atukwase Enterprises a down payment of UGX. 2,000,000/= (Two Million Uganda Shillings only) on 18th October 2013. It was agreed that the outstanding 2,000,000/= (Two Million Uganda Shillings only) will be payable within 2 (two) months from the date of the agreement to wit, 16th October 2013.

This matter related to monetary loss. The complainant has received part payment of the money. He has agreed to receive the other half in two (2) months time.

However, the Appellant being a Salesgirl who had the responsibility to keep the mobile phone which had the money should have been careful. She nonetheless caused a loss to the Company and has readily paid money towards settling that loss. She has committed herself to pay the rest of the money.

It would have been equitable to allow this Convict to pay a fine given the circumstances in which the theft occurred. In my opinion it was more of a case of negligence than theft.

The grounds of Appeal relating to contesting the payment of UGX. 4Million (4,000,000) has been overtaken by events as the Appellant has paid part of it. Hence that ground abates.

Concerning the imprisonment term, it would have been just and equitable to give the Appellant the option of fine. Hence ground 3 of Appeal is allowed.

In total therefore, this Appeal is allowed and the Conviction and Sentence for theft is hereby set aside.

Appellant is hereby acquitted.

Picture 1


Hon. Lady Justice Elizabeth Ibanda Nahamya


18th October 2013


▲ To the top